- A single character or set of tenets cannot be ascribed to Soviet Marxism as the term refers to the theory and practice of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union over a period of some 70 years incorporating figures including Vladimir Ilich Lenin, Josef Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev. As such, Soviet Marxism covers Leninism and Stalinism, the transformation of a revolutionary ideology into an official doctrine aimed at rationalizing and justifying an oppressive regime, and the evolution of a dogmatic, monolithic belief system into an open, pluralistic school of thought that ultimately abandoned large parts of orthodox Marxist thought before collapsing as the Soviet Union itself collapsed. However, the term “Soviet Marxism” is most usually associated with the rigid, authoritarian theory and practice of the Stalin era, and the sterile, conservative form typified by the Brezhnev era. For many years Soviet Marxism dominated Marxism throughout the world imposing the Soviet model where it could (for example, Eastern Europe) and supporting Soviet-style and Soviet sympathizing movements and parties using such means as its control of the Communist International.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marxism (Philosophies of) — Philosophies of Marxism Lenin, Lukács, Gramsci, Althusser Michael Kelly INTRODUCTION Marxist philosophy can be seen as a struggle with Hegel or a struggle with capitalism, that is, as an intellectual or a political movement. Neither of these… … History of philosophy
Marxism — /mahrk siz euhm/, n. the system of economic and political thought developed by Karl Marx, along with Friedrich Engels, esp. the doctrine that the state throughout history has been a device for the exploitation of the masses by a dominant class,… … Universalium
Soviet Union — The 1917 Russian Revolution signaled the dawn of over 70 years of communist rule through the creation of the Soviet Union, a vast collection of 15 republics underpinned ideologically by Marxism–Leninism. The Soviet Union finally fragmented… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Marxism — The body of theory and diverse political practices and policies associated with (or justified by reference to) the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels . For a substantial part of the twentieth century, and until the closing years of the… … Dictionary of sociology
Marxism-Leninism — is a communist ideological stream that emerged as the mainstream tendency amongst the Communist parties in the 1920s as it was adopted as the ideological foundation of the Communist International during Stalin s era.However, in various contexts,… … Wikipedia
Soviet Armed Forces — Soviet Armed Forces … Wikipedia
Soviet political repression — Soviet political repressions was a de facto and de jure system of prosecution of people who were or perceived to be enemies of the Soviet system. From the beginning its theoretical basis were the theory of Marxism about the class struggle and the … Wikipedia
Soviet nation — ( ru. Советский народ [ uk. Радянський народ; be. Савецкий народ; kk. Совет халқы] ) was an ideological demonym and proposed ethnonym for the population of the Soviet Union. It first appeared in official usage in the 1970 s.HistoryThrough the… … Wikipedia
Marxism and Freedom: From 1776 Until Today — is a 1958 book by the philosopher and activist Raya Dunayevskaya, the first volume of her Trilogy of Revolution . Published in 1958, this is the first expression in book form of Raya Dunayevskaya s Marxist Humanism. A central theme of Marxism and … Wikipedia
Soviet historiography — is the history of the academic study of history as written by scholars of the Soviet Union. [It is not the history of the Soviet Union. See definitions of historiography for more details.] Soviet history mostly served to promote Communist… … Wikipedia